First applied to the poems of Stéphane Mallarmé and Paul Verlaine in 1886, the term “symbolist” was soon applied to the visual arts where a realistic depiction of the natural world gave way to imaginary dream scenes of psychological, sexual, and mystical content
Symbolism was a broad international phenomenon but particularly present in France, where painters such as Gustave Moreau and Odilon Redon turned their backs on realism
, naturalism, and impressionism
to populate their canvases with esoteric, often erotic, visions
. In place of Monet’s light-suffused landscapes or the frank working-class subjects of Courbet, the Symbolists turned to figures from literature, the Bible, and Greek mythology
to express experiences of love, fear, anguish, death, sexual awakening, and unrequited desire
With featured work from Edward Burne-Jones, Puvis de Chavannes, Gustav Klimt
, James Abbott McNeill Whistler, Gustave Moreau, Odilon Redon and many more, this book introduces Symbolism’s great reach, intensity, and influence.